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Takeover Code

Publish Date: 09-11-2018
Updated On: 30-11--0001

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Here are some of the important percentage threshold:

5% - Substantial shareholding level which requires holder to disclose its substantial shareholdings to the company, SC and stock exchange. Any changes in interest of the substantial shareholdings is required to be disclosed.

10% - The holder may block compulsory acquisition

25% - The holder may block special resolutions

Special resolution is required when there is change of company name, Article of Association, registration status. It is also required when share buy back, winding up of company voluntarily and *capital reduction.

*Capital reduction: Share capital is given back to company members(shareholders), Ie, member is receiving distribution from the money they put in instead of retained earnings


33% - trigger the obligation to extend a mandatory offer to acquire all the shares of the target company. The offeror proceed with acquisition once all the remaining interest is agreed with the acquisition.

The offer price must be the highest price paid or agreed to pay in the last six months


>50% - Unconditional mandatory offer.  The offeror acquire the shares from holders who are agrred with the price. Any shareholders who sell his share shall receive the money after 10 days.

The offer price must be the highest price paid or agreed to pay in the last six months

 75% - Special resolutions are passed.

>75% - Minimum public float required for listed companies.

90% - Compulsorily acquire remaining shares of target company. Trading of the shares may be suspended. The stock may also be de-listed by the stock exchange.


Things to consider when there is a Takeover

Recent Market Price: Consider if the price offered is below the trading price or above with a premium.

Company Fundamental: The offered price has to be reasonable and fair considering the company’s profitability and net tangible assets.

Liquidity of company shares: It is a good selling opportunity for a company shares with no liquidity.

Action of the other largest shareholders: If there are other largest shareholders, which have substantial influence in the targeted company, retail investor could observe their action.

The equity holdings of the offeror: This helps to predict the offeror’s next move in the acquisition process. Eg: When the offeror has the holdings of 74%, holders might consider selling his shares before the offeror has the ability to approve special resolution (75%).

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